former Prime Minister, in a 44 to 54 party ballot vote to become the Prime Minister. The Liberal
Party in Australia is much like the GOP in the United States that believes in fiscal conservatism and
social conservatism as well. Poll after poll has shown Mr. Abbott to be at record low approval ratings
at 24%, leaving many Australians angry with the current government and earning him the title as te
"Australian George Bush". This left the Liberal Party to believe that Mr. Abbott was unelectable and
thus Malcolm Turnbull challenged Mr. Abbott for the Prime Minister position. This will be
Australia's fifth prime minister within the time span of 5 years. The position of Prime Minister in
Australia is given the leader of the party with the majority of seats in Parliament. Like the US, he/she
is not elected by popular vote. However, leader of the party can be challenged and will have to win a
majority of votes within his/her party to stay as prime minister; this is called a leadership spill or
could be thought of as an impeachment within the party. This is not the first time the former prime
minister has been challenged since Mr. Abbott was challenged in Feb 2015 and won by a 61-39 vote.
Mr. Turnbull is very vocal for the United States presence in the Asia Pacific region in order to
counter balance the China power move in the South China Sea. However, he also sees Obama's Asian pivot as "utterly flummoxed" and is open to a Chinese world power. The new Prime Minister sees the US to open itself to China and has a realpolitik/balance of power approach to China-U.S relations like Kissinger did in the 70s. He disagrees with directly challenging China on the issue of the South China Sea and is also skeptical about utter devotion to being an ally of the United States. However, he does recognize that relations with China should be with extremely cautious approach.